Blue-eyed ground dove
Columbina cyanopis

The blue-eyed ground dove (Columbina cyanopis ) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to the Cerrado region of Brazil.


The blue-eyed ground dove is 15.5 cm (6.1 in) long. The male's head, neck, wing coverts, uppertail coverts, and breast are purplish red. Its lower breast, belly, flanks, shoulders, and back are browner. Its vent and undertail coverts are white. The closed wing shows dark brown and chestnut with iridescent blue spots. The central tail feathers are rufous and the outer ones darker. Its eye is blue surrounded by bare gray skin. The adult female is paler, especially on its underparts. The juvenile has rufous edges on many feathers and the wing's spots are obscure.



Biogeographical realms

The blue-eyed ground dove inhabits open savannah and grasslands in the Brazilian cerrado. The only reliable records since 1980 are in the states of Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul, and only in the first of these have any been seen since 2007. There are historical records of specimens from Mato Grosso in the early 1800s, São Paulo in 1904, and Goiás in the early 1940s.

Blue-eyed ground dove habitat map
Blue-eyed ground dove habitat map
Blue-eyed ground dove
Attribution-ShareAlike License

Habits and Lifestyle

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

No information on the blue-eyed ground dove's feeding behavior or diet has been published. It presumably feeds on seeds like the others of its genus.

Mating Habits

No information is available on the blue-eyed ground dove's breeding phenology.


Population number

The IUCN has assessed the blue-eyed ground dove as Critically Endangered. "This species is very rare with only few recent records, suggesting that the total population is extremely small. A continuing decline is inferred from rapid rates of habitat loss in the region."


1. Blue-eyed ground dove Wikipedia article -
2. Blue-eyed ground dove on The IUCN Red List site -
3. Xeno-canto bird call -

More Fascinating Animals to Learn About